WHAT ARE PERIOD CRAMPS?
It is also known as dysmenorrhea , menstrual cramps, period pain. so why this occurs? and what is this?
In periods there is normal vaginal blooding in every month and during this blooding the uterus contracts and at that moment the [ innermost layer] endometrium sheds every month this layer remakes for the fertilized egg but it doesn’t come and the process of implantation doesn’t take place so the layer sheds and in this duration uterus contracts and this contraction helps in the shading and can also cause pain,
this pain is cramping pain in the lower part of abdominal area and also sometimes there are other symptoms like pain in lower back, headache, nausea and loose motion also and these are not pre-menstrual syndrome. pre-menstrual syndrome is different and the menses pain is different .
- Pre-menstrual symptoms are-
- weight gain
the main thing about pre-menstrual syndrome arises many days before menses but the actual period pain of menses can arise before 5-6 days before periods and there are 2 main causes of this pain ;
- the basic period pain because of the contraction of uterus which occurs due to hormonal changes and the main hormone which contribute is prostaglanding. Prostaglanding is a chemical which is made by the uterus itself and it helps in the contraction and the relaxation of the uterus. and the important thing is when you are young initially the pain is more and when the periods are usual and it becomes regular the period pain becomes less intense when it is Primary dysmenorrhea and also after sexual interaction and pregnancy delivery, the pain almost dies .
- if the primary dysmenorrhea is not the cause of the pain and the pain is due to something else like a disease, etc. then it is known as secondary dysmenorrhea . In secondary dysmenorrhea the initial period pain is less and it increases with the time and this is due to a problem in your uterus or maybe nearby uterus.
like fibroid in uterus or the endometrium of the uterus grows outside the uterus and this is known as endometriosis. and this secondary pain increases with the time and this arises many days before menses and lasts a long time after menses and this indicates that it is not a normal period pain then we should go for tests.
THINGS YOU CAN DO DURING PERIOD CRAMPS
if you suffer from high intensity pain during menses then you should try this;
- put a heating pad in your abdominal area which will help in relaxation of uterus and intensity of pain gets lower.
- doing exercise can also help in reducing period cramps.
- bathing with warm water will also help you .
- doing yoga and meditation. you can try all these things for better results.
if all these things didn’t work then you can take pain killer, pain reliving medicines like paracetamole, nonsteroidal, anti-inflammatory drugs. which not only will help you in pain relaxation but will also helps in reduction of the hormone prostaglanding which eventually helps in less contraction of the uterus but we should not take it on regular basis because it also have side effects.
the person who is suffering from awful bleeding, stomach ulcer, allergy from these drugs should not take this.
if you take alcohol, tobacco, cigarette then you have to quit these things because it increases the pain.
if all these things aren’t helping you in getting relief from the period cramps then you should consult to a gynecologist.